In 1942, more than 120,000 women and children accompanied by Polish soldiers arrived in Iran from the port of Anzali in the north of the country, and from other northern borders.. After their arrival in Iran, a large number of Polish men joined the Polish Liberation Army and left Iran; A large percentage of Polish civilians settled in camps established by the Iranian authorities in cities such as Tehran, Isfahan and Mashhad. At that time Iran was facing famine, food shortages, and political and economic turmoil, yet the Iranians, despite their misfortunes, hosted the Poles, and welcomed them. The letter of the representatives of the Polish immigrants to the Iranian authorities at the time shows this: “At this time when the Polish refugees are leaving Iran after three years of presence in the pure lands of your country, we would like to thank you for your hospitality and welcome. This hospitality, and all the measures that were taken, will not be forgotten. With it, the Iranian authorities are engraved in the memory of the Polish people.” The Poles were housed upon their arrival in Iran in camps in various cities, including Tehran, Karaj, Arak, Isfahan, Mashhad, Qazvin, Hamadan, Khorramshahr (Mohammara) and Hamadan. The reason for building camps in Hamadan, Ahvas, and Khorramshahr, was to send soldiers and soldiers to southern Africa, Iraq and India with the aim of fighting against the Allied forces. It took almost three years for Iran to host the Polish refugees (until the end of World War II). Then most of them returned to their homeland, and some of them remained in Iran. After the long period of residence of some Poles in Iran, each group of them worked in some field to provide a living; The men worked in farms or restaurants and cafes, and the children learned Iranian arts, including carpet weaving, in institutes established in cooperation with the Polish ambassador at the time, and the Iranian Ministry of Culture. And women were working as maids in the homes of rich Iranians, and some of them in sewing factories. It came to the point that the Blondians became a newspaper and a radio station in their own language. Many of these women, men and children died in the World War II years they spent in Iran and were buried in cemeteries in Tehran and Ahvas. More than 70 years after the Poles migrated to Iran, none of them remains today. Helen Estelmach, the last Polish immigrant in Iran, died in April 2017, leaving a book of memories in Persian entitled “From Warsaw to Iran.” The Poles Cemetery in Tehran is a cemetery in the Darwazeh Dolab area in southern Tehran, where 1,892 Polish citizens who died during their stay in Iran were buried; Of these, 408 Polish soldiers were killed in World War II. There is also another cemetery for the Poles in the city of Ahvas, and another in the port of Anzali. ..